1) If there were no educational institutions, there wouldn’t be a big way to prepare children for adulthood, besides child rearing. Nobody would be able to learn the use of technology, and there most likely would be no advancement or any progressing in the workplace. Those seeking jobs most likely wouldn’t be able to complete the jobs assigned. The economy would not grow, and families would not be able to be provided for.
2) I personally do not believe the US government was founded on the belief of separation of church and state to such a degree. In fact, Thomas Jefferson brought up this idea in his written documents, but this was never implemented into the constitution. If America were to take a giant step back and look at American history, it would be evident that the Bible and Christianity was the actual foundation for the U.S. government. The founding fathers, the legendary George Washington for example, would agree, I’m sure. The separation of church and state is a statement that many use to attempt the erasing of God from our nation, which isn’t a good idea. 2 Chronicles 7:14—“If my people, which are called by my name, shall humble themselves, and pray, and seek my face, and turn from their wicked ways; then will I hear from heaven, and will forgive their sin, and will heal their land.”
3) Capitalism is an economic system like the one we have in America. It promotes the freedom of consumers to control the markets, and gives them the ability to answer the basic economic questions. Socialism is a dialed down version of a command economy, the 2nd degree burn to a 3rd degree burn which would be communism. Socialism has some consumer control and private businesses, but most is government regulated. I believe capitalism and the freedom and competition it offers is the best choice for a society.
4) Education and family are similar as they both provide a way for a child to have a sense of identity and belonging. They both also prepare a child for the adult life and the influence of the culture they grew into. I personally do not believe that education can take the place of family. I do think family can take the place of education such as homeschooling. But the function of education alone is crucial to a society. Family is crucial to the survival of a culture as that is where norms, traditions, and customs are learned, as well as providing a sense of identity.
5) I think a Hindu would indeed practice holistic medicine, because their beliefs center on the soul and natural practices. If they believe in reincarnation after death, they believe in regeneration and the power of the earth. Holistic medicine would encourage this, as it focuses on the whole environment of a patient. For a Christian, I believe both, maybe a mix of the two, may be used.